The Young people who do not study or work are being named “NINI”. In Latin America there are around 30 million  of youngsters and  (21% of the total 160 milllion) and 76% of them are women, (21 Million) (CEPAL, 2016). In Venezuela, they account approximately 1 million  (23%) to young people between 18 and 25 years old are NINIs.

 

On the other hand, we can obserb in said population their interest and tendecy to use social networks and smart pones. If we consider that we are in the beganing of 4th Industrial Revolution (robotic, nanotechnology, internet cloud, etc) where certain skills are required and new lenguages (such as digital habilities) are nedded to aford the new technological, human and cultural challenges; we can argue that there are enourmous opportunities for this group who can speak using digital languages.

 

In this sense, and thinking about the SGD 2030 challenges, It good be a good strategy the development of programs that connect those habilities and tendencies of joung people with digital competences oriented to inclusive iniciatives in order to achive job inclusion. This strategy would make possible the creation of a new education system to give opportunities to this groups who cant  acces to traditional education system because time, money and lack of motivational incetives

 

The incorporation of yung people would be an impportant strategy to developing countries as a way to grow and reduce poverty, if we consider that 76% of thise population are women, most of them single mothers, the impact will be inmediatly seen and determinant to change.  The ECLAC, has showed that with only 40% of this group Latin American could activate its growing engine.

 

NINIs represent the new poor people that are increasing dramatically in Latin America, but we have to change the education systems to create different programs with new digital habilities and soft skills

The ECLAC says (idem) “… 50% of the Latin America formal enterprices report that they are having problems to cover they jobs”, and they claim to development public policies oriented to labor market and young.  

 

Nevertheless, the design of entrepreneurship programs, with technical conpetencies conected with labor through allieances between enterprices, education institutions and goverment (special local), would activate entrepreneurial ecosistems and provide financial resourse and labor market.

 

In Venezuela and other regional countries we will see the emergence of private and public, inicitaives. However, they require of awarnes about their cmpromise of all sector to face of SDG 2030. The entreprenurial role is fundamental as such for the civil society, social responsability and the contribution to growing and poverty erradication. this is not a task sorelu for te public sector. We are in the rise of a new historical moment, in wich every sector must include enviromental and social goals. Its urgent to make young people be part of the ecuation to acces to new conpetencies and oportunities under new shemes, contributions, solutions and programmes. It would represent a quantic jump to solve poverty.

Dra. Sybil Caballero

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